Martes, 08 Mayo 2018

Interseccionalidad, estereotipos y sus consecuencias

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La interseccionalidad de las categorías mujer y madre acentúan, en la mayoría de los casos, la desigualdad y discriminación que viven las mujeres en México. Desde la distribución sexual inequitativa de las labores domésticas y de cuidado, y la inviabilidad de compatibilizar el trabajo remunerado con el no remunerado, hasta extremos como el no disponer de mecanismos efectivos de acceso a la justicia ante un caso de agresión sexual o el encontrarse en la necesidad de emprender la búsqueda de un ser querido que ha desaparecido, son aspectos que obstaculizan el disfrute de sus derechos y minan la posibilidad de conducir sus vidas con autonomía.

A propósito del 10 de Mayo, una de las festividades más celebradas, revisemos algunos datos que dan cuenta de la situación contextual de las mexicanas, quienes, aunado al hecho de haber ejercido la maternidad, enfrentan circunstancias que les impiden una vida digna:

Otro de los factores que impiden a las mujeres el desarrollo pleno de su potencial es la prevalencia de los estándares establecidos por el discurso dominante. El paradigma impuesto por el patriarcado continúa siendo interiorizado por niñas, niños y adolescentes.

La violencia contra las mujeres es un tema usado comúnmente como instrumento de mercadotecnia y reproducido hasta en un 56.3% de los programas en los medios de comunicación

La constitución de las identidades basada en concepciones estereotipadas incide en sus decisiones futuras, de manera que el proyecto de vida de una mujer influida por parámetros hegemónicos se constreñirá al cumplimiento de lo que es valorado y considerado como su rol principal: La maternidad.

 En estas condiciones difícilmente podrá materializarse la igualdad de género tan esperada. Deben de suprimirse los factores que restringen a mujeres y niñas de los recursos para alcanzar la movilidad social, así como desmantelarse la significación de la mujer construida desde la visión hegemónica.


 [1] Programa Integral para Prevenir, Atender, Sancionar y Erradicar la violencia contra las Mujeres 2014-2018. Publicado en el Diario Oficial de la Federación el 30 de abril de 2014.

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Modificado por última vez en Martes, 16 Octubre 2018 10:42
Rita Astrid Muciño Corro

Es maestra en Derechos Humanos y Democracia por la Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, con especialidad en Derechos Humanos por la Universidad Castilla La Mancha. En 2014 fue Visitante Profesional en la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos. Se ha especializado en temas de igualdad y género, y su transversalización, así como en el análisis de las obligaciones internacionales del Estado de respetar, proteger, garantizar y promover los derechos humanos.

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